Tsarmitunturi
BREED STANDARD LAPPONIAN HERDER (LAPINPOROKOIRA)
Reindeer Herder
Date of publication of the original valid standard:  12.03.1999

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.  Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
For hundreds of years the Lapps have used the dogs of the same type as Lapponian Herder as reindeer herders.  Acceptance to the breed register was started in the 1950's.  At that time the modern Finnish Lapphund and the Lapponian Herder were still recognized as the same breed.
The Lapponian Herder was separated into its own breed 10.12.1966, as it had been noted that two different reindeer herding breeds existed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
A herding spitz, medium sized, clearly longer than the height at the withers.  The bone and muscles are strong.  The dog is muscular, however must not give the impression of being heavy.
The sex should be clearly stamped.  The coat is suitably adapted for the arctic climate.
The length of the body is about 10% longer than the height at the withers.  The depth of the body is about half of the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT
Docile, calm, friendly, energetic and willing to serve.  Barks readily when working.

HEAD
Elongated;  the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull.
Skull:  Only slightly convex.  The frontal furrow is marked and the superciliary ridges are clearly defined.
Stop:  Gently sloping.

NOSE
Preferably black, yet harmonizing with the coat colour.
The nasal bridge is straight.  Viewed from above and in profile the muzzle tapers evenly towards the nose.

LIPS
Tight

JAWS/TEETH
Jaws and teeth are strong.  Scissor bite.  Normal dentition.

CHEEKS
The zygomatic arches are clearly marked.

EYES
Preferably dark in colour, yet harmonizing with the coat colour.  Lively and set rather apart.
Oval shaped.  The expression is keen, in bitches also devoted.

EARS
Pricked, medium in length, set rather apart, rather broad at set-on.  The inside of the ear is covered with profuse hair, particularly at the base.

NECK
Strong and medium in length, set smoothly into the shoulders.  Without dewlap.

BODY
Withers marked
Back  strong and muscular
Loin  short and muscular
Croup  rather long and slightly oblique
Chest  deep, long and spacious, not very broad.  The ribs are clearly arched.
Underline gently tucked up

TAIL
Medium in length, low set and covered with profuse hair.  In repose the tail is hanging;  in movement it is held in a loose curve, but may not raise over the back.  The tail action may also be circular.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance:  Powerful, attached to the body with strong muscles, yet free in movement.
Muscular and well angulated.  Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
Schoulders: Oblique and muscular
Elbows: Turning neither inwards or outwards, close to the body, pointing straight     backwards.
Forearm: Vertical
Carpus: Sinewy and flexible
Pastern: Seen in profile slightly oblique, enabling the flexible movement
Forefeet: Rather oval with all sides, also underneath, covered with dense hair.  The toes
 are well arched, the pads elastic and thick.

HINDQUARTERS:
General appearance:  Well angulated.  Viewed from behind straight and parallel.
Upper Thigh: Rather long and broad with well developed muscles.
Stifle:  Pointed forward, the angulation is clearly marked.
Hock joint: Set rather low;  the angulation is clearly marked.
Metatarsus: Rather short, vertical and parallel.
Hindfeet: As front feet.  Preferably with dewclaws.

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Free, flexible, effortless and sound.  The trot is tireless.  At a fast trot tends to single track.
SKIN
Tight overall without wrinkles.

COAT
The outer coat is of medium length or long, straight, rather erect and harsh.  The undercoat is fine and dense. The hair is often more profuse and longer on the neck, chest and on the backside of the thighs.

COLOUR
Black in different shades, even greyish or dark brown with a lighter shade than the basic colour, greyish or brownish colour markings often on head, the lower parts of the body and legs.
White markings on neck, chest and legs are permitted.  The undercoat is black, greyish or brownish.

SIZE
Height at withers:  ideal height for males 51 cm  (with a tolerance of ± 3 cm)
  ideal height for females 46 cm  (with a tolerance of ± 3 cm)

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Males not masculine and females not feminine
Very light eyes in black dogs
Ears with slack tips (tipped ears)
Tail curled or curved over the back
Soft, wavy or flat coat.
Without undercoat.

ELIMINATING FAULTS
Aggresive or overly shy
Overshot or undershot mouth.
Drop ears
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.